The Jerusalem Post (Editorial)
January 15, 2013 - 1:00am

Israel’s, who represent roughly one-fifth of the population, or 950,000 eligible voters, have been retreating from national politics. The voter turnout among Israeli Arabs has declined from 75 percent in 1999 to just 53% in 2009. And a recent poll by the University of Haifa’s Asad Ghanem, which both Ma’ariv and The Economist have quoted, is predicting that in the upcoming elections, voter turnouts will drop below 50%. This will be the lowest level in the 64 years since the state was established, except for 2001, when Israeli Arabs boycotted elections as part of the second intifada. In contrast, average voter turnout among the general population is about 65%.

The main factor in the projected low turnout appears to be an increased sense of disenfranchisement. Attorney Sawsan Zaher – who represented Balad MK Haneen Zoabi in her appeal to the Supreme Court against the Central Elections Committee to ban her from running in the elections – noted that the campaign against her client was “the tip of the iceberg.” Zaher pointed to recent legislation such as the “Nakba Law,” which prevents Arab municipalities and other state-funded bodies from using taxpayers’ money to pay for commemorating Independence Day as a nakba, or catastrophe.

Admittedly Arab citizens can easily see the futility of politics.

In the history of Israeli politics, no Arab party has ever been included in a ruling government coalition, though Arab and Druse lawmakers belonging to Jewish parties have become ministers.

In addition, Israeli Arabs rightly feel discriminated against. They lack the same employment opportunities as Jews; city planning and housing for them is dreadfully inadequate; budgetary allocations for and social services in their communities lag behind those for the Jewish population.

BUT ISRAELI Arabs cannot be absolved of their share of responsibility. As a sizable minority, their potential political power has always been great. If they were to pool their electoral resources and vote for a single party in percentages comparable to the national average, they could bring into power the second-largest political party in the Knesset.

Yet this potential has been squandered by infighting and the radicalization of Arab politics to the point that demagogic Israel-bashing and blind support for the Palestinian cause has taken precedence over all attempts to with the Jewish political establishment for the practical improvement of Israeli Arab life. Many of the country’s Arab citizens rightfully see no point in a ballot for a party that has no chance of obtaining real political clout because its members are more interested in fighting for the Palestinian cause than for basic equality for its constituents.

Instead of being known for her battles for women’s rights, Zoabi has chosen to make headlines by joining forces with Hamas and boarding the Mavi Marmara to protest the maritime blockade against the Gaza Strip. And United Arab List-Ta’al MK Ahmed Tibi is known primarily for stunts such as accompanying Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to the UN to receive recognition for Palestine as a non-member state.

Zoabi, Tibi and other Arab MKs who adopt radical positions that place them well outside the pale of mainstream Israeli politics should heed more pragmatic voices, such as that of Haifa attorney Sami Abu Warda. In an interview with Ma’ariv, Abu Warda advocated unifying the three major Arab parties. The united list would then declare its willingness to join any government that agreed to appoint an Arab minister “who would not only worry about the Palestinians, but also about the welfare and employment [of Israeli Arabs].”

Israeli Arabs must reconcile themselves to minority status in a Jewish state – no easy task for a people that sees itself as belonging to an Arab and Muslim majority in the region. But while Arab citizens should not expect the Jewish majority to do away with what makes Israel a Jewish state – the Law of Return, Hebrew as the official language, the national anthem, holidays, heroes and the predominance of the Jewish religion – they can and should fight for equality as individuals living in a democracy. Adopting a more pragmatic approach to politics that focuses on bettering the lot of Israeli Arabs – not as a collective with an anti-Zionist, nationalist agenda, but as minority citizens of a Jewish democracy – would go a long way toward making their politics more relevant.

Improved voter turnout is almost sure to follow.


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